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Abu Dhabi (Arabic: أبو ظبي, transcribed Abu Zabi, Father translation gazelle) is the capital of UAE and administrative center of the emirate with the same name. It is headed by Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, while the United Arab Emirates and emir.
Abu Dhabi lies on a T-shaped island, in front of the Arabian Gulf (Persian). The city population was 860,000 people in 2007 and it is estimated that by 2030 the number of people will live in this city will exceed 3 million. In order to adapt the city for such a population, large projects are currently underway to modernize the infrastructure.
From the economic point of view, Abu Dhabi has traditionally relied on oil, holding huge reserves, whose operation is expected to last for 100 years, but also actively tried to diversify their investments and financial services tourism.
Abu Dhabi's etymology is uncertain, but there are several versions about the name. The most common tale says that a hunter of gazelles (dhabi in Arabic) has a game to where this city. There he discovered a fresh water well and founded a settlement. This name is used by more than 300 years. Before, I was called milh (salt in Arabic) because of salt water around her.
Parts of Abu Dhabi have been colonized in the third millennium i.Hr and respect the history of its early pattern of livestock and fisheries of the region. The modern Abu Dhabi has its roots in a large confederation of tribes, Bani Yas, which eventually took control of the area and what would become the city of Dubai. In the 19th century, Abu Dhabi and Dubai branches of the confederation broke up.
By the mid-twentieth century, the city's economy was sustained by rising camels, of the dates and vegetables in Al-Ain and Liwa oases. Also, fishing and pearl collection took place especially during summer months. In those days, people lived in huts made of palm leaves, known locally barasti. Wealthy families lived in houses built of adobe.
In 1939, Sheikh Bin Sultan Al Nahyan Shakhbut gave rights research and exploitation of petroleum resources, and the first oil discovery occurred in 1958. At first, the money obtained from oil have had a minimal effect on the economy. Some buildings with lower heights were constructed and paved roads were first published in 1961.
Sheikh Shakbut preferred caution, not knowing how long there will be oil deposits and preferred to collect the proceeds of the oil industry. His brother, Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, saw that oil resources could help Abu Dhabi's transformation. Ruling family of Abu Dhabi's Sheikh Zayed decided to replace him as his brother and follow his vision to transform the city. On 6 August 1966, with the assistance of the British, Sheikh Zayed became the ruler.
After the 1968 announcement that Britain will withdraw from the Arabian Gulf (Persian) in 1971, Sheikh Zayed became the main character in creating the United Arab Emirates. After the Emirates became independent in 1971, earnings from oil have continued to grow, transforming the city from a village of huts, in a modern city with banks, hotels and shops.
Abu Dhabi | Abu Dhabi (Arabic: أبو ظبي, transcribed Abu Zabi, Father translation gazelle) is the capital of UAE and administrative center of the emirate with the same name. It is headed by Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, while the United Arab Emirates and emir
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